Day 3 - Ongi ulagalandha / ஓங்கி உலகளந்த

Srimathe Ramanujaya Nama:
Azhwar Emberumanar Jeeyar Thirvadigale Saranam

oongi ulagaLandha uththaman peer paadi
naangal nam paavaikkkuch chaaTRRI neer aadinaal
theenginDRI naaDellam thingal mummaari peythu
oongu perung chennel uutu kayal ukalap
puunguvaLai poothil poRi vaNtu kaN patuppath
theengaathe pukkirunthu seerththa mulai paTRRI
vaangkak kudam niRaikkum vaLLal perum pasukkaL
neengkaatha selvam niRaindhelor empaavai.

ஓங்கி உலகளந்த உத்தமர் பேர் பாடி
நாங்கள் நம் பாவைக்குச் சாற்றி நீர் ஆடினால்
தீங்கின்றி நாடெல்லம் திங்கள் மும்மாரி பெய்து
ஓங்கு பெருஞ் செந்நெல் ஊடு கயல் உகளப்
பூங்குவளைப் போதில் பொறி வண்டு கண் படுப்பத்
தெங்காதெ புக்கிருந்து சேர்த்த முலை பற்றி
வாங்கக் குடம் நிறைக்கும் வள்ளல் பெரும் பசுக்கள்
நீங்காத செல்வம் நிறைந்தேலோர் எம்பாவாய்.

In the first prabandham, Aandal explained that it is Sriman Narayanan who is the supreme God (Paradevathai/பரதேவதை and she showed us what should be the Praapyam (Means) and Praapakam (End) for every Jeevaathma. Praapyam being HIS LOTUS FEET and Praapagam also servitude at HIS LOTUS FEET. She started the Vrath with this paasuram

In the second prabandham, Aandal explained the dos and donts that one has to follow during the Vrath. Also, she outlined the inner meaning that Seshathvam/சேஷத்வம் is Aathma's true form/Swaroopam/ஸ்வரூபம்.

This was echoed by Periyavaachan Pillai in Mumukshupadi as
seshathvam illaadha podhu swaroopam illai
ஸேஷத்வம் இல்லாதபோது ஸ்வரூபம் இல்லை

while explaining Thirumanthram.

Padhapadhartham/பதபதார்த்தம் - Word by Word MeaningOOngi/ஓங்கி - By growing very tall

Ulagu/உலகு - All the three worlds - Bhu:, Bhuva:, Suva:
aLandha/அளந்த - To measure the worlds by his feet
uththaman/உத்தமன் - One who does everything for the good of Jeevathma, but claims no credit for them
per/பேர் - His Holy Name

naangalpaaDi/நாங்கள் பாடி - To sing the Holy Names of God, without which we cannot live in this world

nampaavaikku chaaRRi/நம்பாவைகு சாற்று - To find a reason to do so in the name of the Vrath

neeraadinaal/நீராடினால் - To take bath

naaDu ellam/நாடு எல்லாம் - throughout the country/world

theengu inDRi/தீங்கு இன்றி - A place devoid of bad things and which is peaceful

thingal/திங்கள் - Every month

mummaari paithu/மும்மாரி பெய்து - To rain three times in a month (this is how it was it rained for 1 day and shined for 9 days in a month in those days, we lost it because of not caring for the environment). When it rains 3 times a month, the earth will be healthy and at its best and all the natural wealht are abundand

oongku perum sennel uudu/ஓங்கு பெரும் செந்நெல் ஊடு - In between the paddy field which have grown really tall

kayal ukaLa/கயல் உகள - Fishes flourish in paddy fields (Such is the richness of the land and the height of the paddy crops) - kayal is a type of fish

pori vandu/பொறி வண்டு - beautiful small insects

poom kuvalai podhil/பூம் குவலை பொதில் - Drinking the sweet nectar in the beautiful flowers that were blossomed

kaN paDuppa/கண் படுப்ப - and drinking the nectar they sleep in the flower

vaLLal perum pasukkal/வள்ளல் பெரும் பசுக்கள் - The tall and gorgeous cows which are healthy

theengaamal/தேங்காமல் - without hesitation

pukku/புக்கு - to enter the cattle shed to milk the cows
seertha mulai patri vaanga/சீர்த்த முலை பற்றி வாங்க - to hold the udder of the cows and drag them in an effort to milk the cows

kudam niRaikku/குடம் நிறைக்கும் - and the cows fill the big pots with their milk willingly with just a single pull

niRaindhu/நிறைந்தது - endless prosperity

Perumal's Five Forms:
It is understood from the Vedhas that there are five forms of GOD.

1) Parathvam/பரத்வம் - God is everywhere,
2) Vyuham/வ்யூஹம் - Shri Vaikundam,
3) Vibhavam/விபவம் - God's avatars in this earth,
4) Antharyamithvam/அந்தர்யாமித்வம் - God is in every athma and is the master of athma,
5) Archai/அர்ச்சை - God in temples today.

In the first prabhandham, Aandal described the Parathvam by saying "Narayanane/நாராயணனே"

In the second, she described Vyuham(Vaikundam), by saying "Paarkadalul Paiyathuyindra/பார்க்கடலுள் பையத்துயின்ற".
In this Paasuram, she is talking about Vibhavam, Vamana Avatharam. "Oongi Ulagalandha Uthaman/ஓங்கு உலகளந்த உத்தமன்".

Oongi Ulagalandha Uthaman/ஓங்கு உலகளந்த உத்தமன்: Aandal praises in this paasuram the Avatar in which the Supreme God shrinks Himself to as Vamanan. Why did he do that? He did that to help Indiran, who is one of the Jeevathma and who has sought refuge in the Supreme. He also in the same Avatar grew so big to measure all the 7 lokas with his feet as Thiruvikkiraman. While it is not required for him to shrink and expand, HE did this only for the sake of HIS Adiyar.

With this Aandal re-emphasises the fact that while it is important to be subservient/ஸேஷபூதன் to God, as God Himself is doing all the avatars for the sake of a Bhagavathan, it is even more important to be subservient to a Bhagavathas.

In this Avatar, without any discremination of the caste, creed, race, or if someone is human, animal, bird, GOD graced everyone with HIS Lotus Feet and took all of them to HIM. Aandal emphasises this Kalyana Gunam of Perumal by Oongi ulakalandha Uthaman

Uthaman/உத்தமன்:People can be classified into three categories: Adhaman, Madhyaman, Uthaman.
Adhaman: One who wants to live/prosper/gain benefits even at the cost of another life
Madhyaman: One who wants others to live and also wants himself to live
Uthaman: One who wants others to live even if it is required for him to be destroyed

Peer paadi Naangal Nampaavaikku Chatru Neeraadinaal/பேர்பாடி நாங்கள் நம்பாவைக்குச் சாற்று நீராடினால் - As jeevathma is Seshaboothan of Paramathma, and as these girls who are performing the Vrath are wanting to attain Moksha, it is impossible for them to live in this world without the utterance of the Holy Name(s) of Krishna. And so they chant His names (Mananam/மனனம்) and are indulging in the mercy rain of Krishna.

theengindri naadellam thingal mummaari peidhu/தீங்கின்றி நாடெல்லாம் திங்கள் மும்மாரி பெய்து : Because of Krishna's presence in Thiruvaipaadi, the place is abundant with natural wealth. Where God is the place is filled with Saathvik qualities, and everything happens at the right time in the right place. In those days, we have heard that it rains thrice a month.

When it rains like that, it shines for 9 days and rains for 3 days every month. This allows the water to be always available in earth, which helps every living thing to grow and thrive. And as the natural wealth is in abundance, not only Thiruvaaipaadim but the entire nation was enjoying the benefits.

oongu perum chennel uudu kayal ukaLa/ஓங்கு பெரும் செந்நெல் ஊடு கயல் உகள : Aandal describes the natural wealth's glory in the coming lines. Because of the rain and shine, the paddy crops have grown long and tall, and because of the dense growth, with no space, the fish in the fields jump high up in joy.

theengaadhe pukkirundhu siirthamulai patrivaanga/தேங்காதே புக்கிருந்து சீர்த்தமுலை பற்றிவாங்க : The cows have grown very tall, and are magestic. The aayars (the people who rear cattle), are bold and brave enough to get near the cows to milk them. The udder of the cows are so huge, that instead of holding them in the fingers, they had to hold them with two hands together.

kudam niraikkum vallal perum pasukkal/குடம் நிறைக்கும் வள்ளல் பெரும் பசுக்கள் : When they squeeze the udder once, the milk starts flowing without stopping which the aayars/ஆயர்கள் keep changing pots and pots to collect the milk.

Here the cows are compared to the quality of Krishna, who in spite of being the Supreme God, went as a "Messenger/தூதன்" on behalf of Paandavas. The cows in spite of being huge, were so calm and quiet in nature, that the children played with it freely and they wouldnt do any harm to the children.

Adinaayen Ramanuja Dasan

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